Get Complete Information About The Politics and Female Advocate in Pakistan
Politics and Female Advocate in Pakistan:
This provision expired before the 1990 elections and has not been revived since then, despite the commitments of both major political parties in their election manifesto that they would do so. During 1994-95, the National Consultative Committee of female advocate in Pakistan set up by the government obtained the signatures of 148 sitting MNAs from both the government and the opposition in support of the restoration of reserved seats. In July 1995, at a workshop organized by women's rights organizations, a joint declaration was signed by representatives of the PPP, PML (N) and the ANP for the restoration of reserved seats of women’s including female advocate in Pakistan and extension of this provision to the Senate. Despite all this the seats were not restored, largely because of political polarization, an apprehension on the part of political parties that their rivals may thereby increase their strength within the parliament and because, in any event, this has not been a priority 1ssue for political parties. In view of the dismal representation of women in the legislative bodies since the concerned constitutional provision has lapsed, there is a general consensus among most women s organizations that the provision of reserved seats needs to be revived.
Substantial Representation for Women:
What has become abundantly clear is that there is no hope in the immediate future of women being able to get due legislative representation without this affirmative action measure. Affirmative action in this regard IS also in vogue in other countries, and is gaining legitimacy in even more. Bangladesh, Nepal and Tanzania amongst others have reserved seats for women and female advocate in Pakistan. Most socialist countries had ensured substantial representation for women, through conscious policies of allocating more tickets to them or prioritizing their names in lists. India has set aside 33% seats for women in the local bodies, and is now seriously considering extension of this arrangement to the state and federal legislatures. The concept of reservation for parliamentary representation is thus neither peculiar to Pakistan nor, within Pakistan, has it been confined to women.
Know About the Developed Areas of FATA:
The Senate still reserves seats for technocrats, the Ulema and for the less developed areas of FATA. Even some of the developed nations are considering ways of bridging gender disparity at decision-making ways. However, while there has been general agreement on the restoration of reserved seats for women among women's organizations, they have simultaneously raised questions about the number of seats that need to be reserved for women, the modality for filling in these seats and the extension of the provision to the Senate.
As far as the number of seats is concerned, there is a growing consensus that there should be at least a 33% representation of women in all representative bodies. This is reportedly the proportion recommended by the United Nations in all tiers of representation, and is a realistic size. Less than a third does not form the necessary minimum to enable women to play an effective and self- confident enough role in decision-making. Nor can it help speed up the mainstreaming of women so that any special provision for their representation becomes redundant in foreseeable future. Thus, if the representation of female advocate in Pakistan cannot for now be proportionate to the size of the female population in the country, it should at least be of a size to enable women to influence thinking and decisions on issues of their concern, which is after all the basic purpose of a special provision to ensure their representation.